Tax Tip Tuesday: Deducting Moving Expenses

Posted By ,Posted in Small Business Tips.

Tax Tip Tuesday: Deducting Moving Expenses

Summertime is the time of year when people move the most. Moving is a lot of trouble and can also be very expensive. If you move to start a new job or to work at the same job in a new location, the cost can be tax deductible. To qualify for this deduction, you must satisfy two tests:

  • the distance test, and
  • the time test.

Distance Test

To deduct your moving expenses, your new workplace must be at least 50 miles farther from your old home than your prior job location. For example, if your old job location was three miles from your old home, your new job must be at least 53 miles from your old home. If you had no previous workplace, your new job location must be at least 50 miles from your old home. If you go back to full-time work after a substantial period of part-time work or unemployment, your place of work also must be at least 50 miles from your former home.

Time Test

If you’re an employee, you must work full-time at your new job for at least 39 weeks the first year after the move. If you’re self-employed, you must also meet this test. In addition you must work full-time for a total of at least 78 weeks during the first two years at the new job site. If your tax return is due before you meet the time test, you can still claim the deduction if you expect to meet it. There are exceptions to these rules in case of death, disability and involuntary separation, among other things.

What Expenses You Can Deduct

If you qualify for the moving expense deduction, you can deduct all your reasonable moving expenses including:

  • the cost of packing and transporting your household good and personal effects
  • costs you incur to connect or disconnect utilities
  • the cost of storing your household goods for up to 30 days after the day your things are moved from your former home and before they are delivered to your new home
  • the cost of travel and lodging for yourself and family during the move, and
  • your car expenses if you move by car–you can either deduct your actual expenses for gas and oil, or deduct 23 cents per mile in 2015.

You cannot deduct any of the following expenses:

  • cost of meals while you move
  • expenses that are reimbursed by your employer that are not included in your income
  • any part of the purchase price of your new home
  • car tags or driver’s license fees
  • expenses of buying or selling a home (including closing costs, mortgage fees and points)
  • expenses of entering into or breaking a lease
  • home improvements to help sell your home
  • loss on the sale of your home
  • pre-move househunting expenses
  • refitting of carpet and draperies
  • return trips to your former residence
  • security deposits (including any given up due to the move), or
  • side trips for sightseeing during the move.

For more information on deductible and nondeductible moving expenses, refer to IRS Publication 521Moving Expenses.

Stephen Fishman

Stephen Fishman

Stephen Fishman is a self-employed tax expert and regular contributor to MileIQ. He has dedicated his career as an attorney and author to writing useful, authoritative and recognized guides on taxes and business law for entrepreneurs, independent contractors, freelancers and other self-employed people. He is the author of over 20 books and hundreds of articles, and has been quoted in The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Chicago Tribune, and many other publications. Visit Fishman Law and Tax Files for more information on his work.
Stephen Fishman

MileIQ’s blog does not constitute professional tax advice. You should contact your own tax professional to discuss your situation.

x



 
Please enter a valid phone number.
x
Start logging your miles automatically using MileIQ.
Start logging your miles automatically using MileIQ.
<style type="text/css">
#exit-signup {
  z-index: 9999;
}



@media (max-width:796px){
 #exit-signup .quote-text {
    display:none;
}


}

@media (max-width:678px){
#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower {
display:none;
}
}

#exit-signup .quote-text {
    z-index: 9999999;
    font-size: 18px;
}

#ulp-s3QqZ4gQ5NIl41ua{
 min-height:500px!important;
}

#exit-signup .modal-dialog {
  width: 100%;
  max-width: 900px;
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats li {
  display: inline-block;
  width: 218px;
  background: url("/images/popups/download-modal/green-check.png") no-repeat;
  padding-left: 28px;
  text-align: left;
  font-size: 14px;
  font-weight: 600;
  color:#808080;
}

#exit-signup .quote-author {
  font-weight: 600;
  color: #fff;
  font-size: 14px;
text-align: right;
}

#exit-signup .quote-text {
  color: #FFF;
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 8px;
  left: -5px;
  padding: 11px;
  text-align: right;
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower {
  max-width: 300px;
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
  margin-bottom: 30px;
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower li .inner {
  width: 300px;
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower li  {
  width: 300px;
}


@media(min-width: 884px){
  
  #exit-signup .quote-text {
    right: 56px;
    bottom: 17px;
  }

#exit-signup .col-md-8 {
padding-right:40px;
}

#exit-signup .col-md-4 {
padding-left:60px!important;
}
}

ul.mileiq-feats {
font-family: 'RealTextOT';
}

@media(min-width: 664px) and (max-width: 991px){
  #exit-signup .quote-text {
    left: 14%!important;
    bottom: 17px;
  }
}

@media(max-width: 663px){
  #exit-signup .quote-text {
    text-align: center;
  }
}

@media(min-width: 992px){
  #exit-signup .col-md-4 {
    background: url("/images/popups/download-modal/or-divider.png") no-repeat;
    background-size: 24px 223px;
    height: 223px;
    padding-left: 45px;
  }


  #exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower{
   display: none; 
  }
}

@media(max-width: 991px){
  #exit-signup .divider-line {
    margin-bottom: 10px!important;
  }
  #exit-signup .modal-body {
    padding: 28px 40px 36px!important;
  }
  #exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.upper{
   display: none; 
  }
  #exit-signup .col-md-8 {
    display: none;
  }
  #exit-signup .modal-banner {
    padding-left: 20px;
    padding-right: 20px;
    padding-bottom: 19px;
    text-align: center;
  }



  .dl-badges {
    max-width: 180px;
    margin-left: auto;
    margin-right: auto;
   }
   
}

#exit-signup .section-title {
       text-align:center;
   }

ul.mileiq-feats.upper{
max-width: 670px;
margin-left: auto;
margin-right:50px
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats li .inner{
  width:148px;
}

#exit-signup img.modal-color-bar-top{
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  max-height: 62px;
}

#exit-signup .section-title {
  font-size: 16px;
  font-weight: 600;
  color: #4D4D4D;
  margin-bottom: 15px;
}

#exit-signup #modal-signup-wrap {
  margin-bottom: 36px;
  max-width: 491px;
}

img.mob-banner {
    position: absolute;
    bottom: 0;
    left: 0
}

#exit-signup img.modal-color-bar-bottom{
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  height: 7px;
  width: 100%;
}

#exit-signup .divider-line {
  height: 1px;
  background: #ddd;
  margin-bottom: 30px;
  margin-top: 19px;
}

#exit-signup .modal-content {
  border-radius: 3px;
  overflow: hidden;
  background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);
}
#exit-signup .modal-body {    
  padding: 32px 40px 53px;
}
#exit-signup .modal-header {
  padding: 10px;
    border-bottom: none;
}
#exit-signup h2 {
  font-family: "RealTextOT-Bold";
  font-size: 41px;
  margin-bottom: 25px;
  color: #333;
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
  line-height: 1.017;
text-align: center;
}

@media(max-width: 768px){
  #exit-signup h2 {
    font-size: 32px!important;
  }

#exit-signup .section-title{
display:none;
}
}

#exit-signup .badges .left-button{
  float:left;
  width: 48%;
}

#exit-signup .badges .right-button{
  float:right;
  width: 48%;
}

#exit-signup .badges{
  max-width: 320px;
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
  margin-bottom: 15px;
}

#exit-signup .modal-white-x{
  position: absolute;
  right: 20px;
  top: 20px;
}

#exit-signup button.close{
  position: absolute;
  right: 17px;
  top: 14px;
  opacity: 1;
  z-index: 100;
}

#exit-signup button.close:focus{
  outline:none;
}
</style>

<div id="exit-signup">
<div class="modal-body text-center">
            <h2>Try MileIQ for Free.</h2>
            <ul class="mileiq-feats upper">
              <li><div class="inner">Your data is never sold or shared</div></li>
              <li><div class="inner">All versions of our apps are ad-free</div></li>
              <li><div class="inner">Your drive history is secure & available</div></li>
            </ul>
            <div class="divider-line"></div>
            <div class="col-md-8">
              <div class="section-title">
                Get started by creating an account
              </div>
              <div id="modal-signup-wrap-exit">
                <iframe src="https://dashboard.mileiq.com/signup?v=iframe-2&media_source=blog&campaign=https://www.mileiq.com/blog&campaign_detail=blog_exit_popup" style="border: none;height: 181px;width:100%;"></iframe>
              </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-md-4">
              <div class="section-title">
                Download the app
              </div>
              <div class="dl-badges">
              <!-- Badges -->
                <ul class="badge-list">
                  <li style="margin-bottom: 10px;">
                    <a href="http://app.appsflyer.com/id578830929?pid=website&c=header_modal" target="_blank">
                      <img src="/images/popups/download-modal/ios-badge.png">
                    </a>
                  </li>
                  <li>
                    <a href="http://app.appsflyer.com/com.mobiledatalabs.mileiq?pid=website&c=header_modal" target="_blank">
                      <img src="/images/popups/download-modal/android-badge.png">
                    </a>
                  </li>
                </ul>
                <div style="clear:both"></div>
              </div>
            </div>
          </div>
          <ul class="mileiq-feats lower">
            <li><div class="inner">Your data is never sold or shared</div></li>
            <li><div class="inner">All versions of our apps are ad-free</div></li>
            <li><div class="inner">Your drive history is secure & available</div></li>
          </ul>
          <div class="modal-banner">
            
            <div class="quote-text">
              “When I show MileIQ to my accounting clients, they sign up immediately. Fact.”
              <div class="quote-author">
                -Jody Jordan, CPA & MileIQ user
              </div>
            </div>
            
          </div>
         </div>
          <img src="/images/popups/download-modal/lower-banner.png" class="mob-banner">
</div>