Taxes for Sole Proprietorship vs Tax Classification for LLC

Taxes for Sole Proprietorship vs Tax Classification for LLC

You likely cannot escape paying taxes on business profits or filing an annual tax return. But how you’re taxed can vary depending on how you’ve legally organized your business. Let’s take a look at the tax implications for a sole proprietor vs LLC.

Tax Classification for LLC

An LLC blends features of partnerships and corporations. It grants individual business owners stronger personal liability protections from debts of the LLC. The federal tax classification of the LLC influences the level of liability protection. It also impacts the taxes they have to pay.

According to the IRS, you can classify your LLC as:

  • a corporation
  • partnership
  • a disregarded-entity.  That is, a single-member LLC that doesn’t elect to be treated as a corporation.

A single-person LLC should choose their LLC activity on their tax return. They’ll also need to file a Schedule C with Form 1040. They’ll have to pay self-employment taxes like a sole proprietor. A disregarded entity may face similar financial liability as a sole proprietor.

A partnership LLC should file Form 1065, U.S. Return of Partnership IncomeEach partner should pay income and self-employment taxes on his share of partnership income rather than on cumulative business income.

If the LLC is a corporation, it should file Form 1120 for a C corporation or Form 1120S for an S corporation. S-Corp owners should report their share of corporate income on Schedule-K1 of Form 1120S.

The corporate tax rates may be more favorable than individual tax rates. But you should consider the complexity and costs before choosing this classification.

Taxation of Sole Proprietorship

Sole proprietorships are single-owner, unincorporated businesses ranging from home-based businesses to retail trade businesses. A sole proprietorship is a popular form because it’s straightforward and low cost.

This entity allows you to run a one-man show with little administrative overhead. But, you become personally responsible for business debts and other obligations like taxes. A sole proprietor isn’t treated as a separate business entity from the owner. So, business income earned and expenses incurred get passed through to you. You then have to file them on your personal tax return.

A sole proprietor files their net business income or losses on Schedule C or C-EZ. This goes along with Form 1040. The rate of taxation equates to your individual tax rate as opposed to a corporate tax rate. Also, sole proprietors pay self-employment tax on net business income.

Download MileIQ to start accurately tracking your miles »

Manasa Reddigari

Manasa Reddigari

Manasa Reddigari is a freelance technical writer and small business owner whose insights have appeared in diverse digital publications. She has a passion for leveraging technology to reveal simple solutions for everyday business finance complexities. Visit www.scribmint.com to learn more about her work.
Manasa Reddigari

MileIQ’s blog does not constitute professional tax advice. You should contact your own tax professional to discuss your situation.

x



 
Please enter a valid phone number.
x
Start logging your miles automatically using MileIQ.
Start logging your miles automatically using MileIQ.
<style type="text/css">
#exit-signup {
  z-index: 9999;
}



@media (max-width:796px){
 #exit-signup .quote-text {
    display:none;
}


}

@media (max-width:678px){
#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower {
display:none;
}
}

#exit-signup .quote-text {
    z-index: 9999999;
    font-size: 18px;
}

#ulp-s3QqZ4gQ5NIl41ua{
 min-height:500px!important;
}

#exit-signup .modal-dialog {
  width: 100%;
  max-width: 900px;
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats li {
  display: inline-block;
  width: 218px;
  background: url("/images/popups/download-modal/green-check.png") no-repeat;
  padding-left: 28px;
  text-align: left;
  font-size: 14px;
  font-weight: 600;
  color:#808080;
}

#exit-signup .quote-author {
  font-weight: 600;
  color: #fff;
  font-size: 14px;
text-align: right;
}

#exit-signup .quote-text {
  color: #FFF;
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 8px;
  left: -5px;
  padding: 11px;
  text-align: right;
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower {
  max-width: 300px;
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
  margin-bottom: 30px;
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower li .inner {
  width: 300px;
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower li  {
  width: 300px;
}


@media(min-width: 884px){
  
  #exit-signup .quote-text {
    right: 56px;
    bottom: 17px;
  }

#exit-signup .col-md-8 {
padding-right:40px;
}

#exit-signup .col-md-4 {
padding-left:60px!important;
}
}

ul.mileiq-feats {
font-family: 'RealTextOT';
}

@media(min-width: 664px) and (max-width: 991px){
  #exit-signup .quote-text {
    left: 14%!important;
    bottom: 17px;
  }
}

@media(max-width: 663px){
  #exit-signup .quote-text {
    text-align: center;
  }
}

@media(min-width: 992px){
  #exit-signup .col-md-4 {
    background: url("/images/popups/download-modal/or-divider.png") no-repeat;
    background-size: 24px 223px;
    height: 223px;
    padding-left: 45px;
  }


  #exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.lower{
   display: none; 
  }
}

@media(max-width: 991px){
  #exit-signup .divider-line {
    margin-bottom: 10px!important;
  }
  #exit-signup .modal-body {
    padding: 28px 40px 36px!important;
  }
  #exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats.upper{
   display: none; 
  }
  #exit-signup .col-md-8 {
    display: none;
  }
  #exit-signup .modal-banner {
    padding-left: 20px;
    padding-right: 20px;
    padding-bottom: 19px;
    text-align: center;
  }



  .dl-badges {
    max-width: 180px;
    margin-left: auto;
    margin-right: auto;
   }
   
}

#exit-signup .section-title {
       text-align:center;
   }

ul.mileiq-feats.upper{
max-width: 670px;
margin-left: auto;
margin-right:50px
}

#exit-signup ul.mileiq-feats li .inner{
  width:148px;
}

#exit-signup img.modal-color-bar-top{
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  max-height: 62px;
}

#exit-signup .section-title {
  font-size: 16px;
  font-weight: 600;
  color: #4D4D4D;
  margin-bottom: 15px;
}

#exit-signup #modal-signup-wrap {
  margin-bottom: 36px;
  max-width: 491px;
}

img.mob-banner {
    position: absolute;
    bottom: 0;
    left: 0
}

#exit-signup img.modal-color-bar-bottom{
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  height: 7px;
  width: 100%;
}

#exit-signup .divider-line {
  height: 1px;
  background: #ddd;
  margin-bottom: 30px;
  margin-top: 19px;
}

#exit-signup .modal-content {
  border-radius: 3px;
  overflow: hidden;
  background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);
}
#exit-signup .modal-body {    
  padding: 32px 40px 53px;
}
#exit-signup .modal-header {
  padding: 10px;
    border-bottom: none;
}
#exit-signup h2 {
  font-family: "RealTextOT-Bold";
  font-size: 41px;
  margin-bottom: 25px;
  color: #333;
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
  line-height: 1.017;
text-align: center;
}

@media(max-width: 768px){
  #exit-signup h2 {
    font-size: 32px!important;
  }

#exit-signup .section-title{
display:none;
}
}

#exit-signup .badges .left-button{
  float:left;
  width: 48%;
}

#exit-signup .badges .right-button{
  float:right;
  width: 48%;
}

#exit-signup .badges{
  max-width: 320px;
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
  margin-bottom: 15px;
}

#exit-signup .modal-white-x{
  position: absolute;
  right: 20px;
  top: 20px;
}

#exit-signup button.close{
  position: absolute;
  right: 17px;
  top: 14px;
  opacity: 1;
  z-index: 100;
}

#exit-signup button.close:focus{
  outline:none;
}
</style>

<div id="exit-signup">
<div class="modal-body text-center">
            <h2>Try MileIQ for Free.</h2>
            <ul class="mileiq-feats upper">
              <li><div class="inner">Your data is never sold or shared</div></li>
              <li><div class="inner">All versions of our apps are ad-free</div></li>
              <li><div class="inner">Your drive history is secure & available</div></li>
            </ul>
            <div class="divider-line"></div>
            <div class="col-md-8">
              <div class="section-title">
                Get started by creating an account
              </div>
              <div id="modal-signup-wrap-exit">
                <iframe src="https://dashboard.mileiq.com/signup?v=iframe-2&media_source=blog&campaign=https://www.mileiq.com/blog&campaign_detail=blog_exit_popup" style="border: none;height: 181px;width:100%;"></iframe>
              </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-md-4">
              <div class="section-title">
                Download the app
              </div>
              <div class="dl-badges">
              <!-- Badges -->
                <ul class="badge-list">
                  <li style="margin-bottom: 10px;">
                    <a href="http://app.appsflyer.com/id578830929?pid=website&c=header_modal" target="_blank">
                      <img src="/images/popups/download-modal/ios-badge.png">
                    </a>
                  </li>
                  <li>
                    <a href="http://app.appsflyer.com/com.mobiledatalabs.mileiq?pid=website&c=header_modal" target="_blank">
                      <img src="/images/popups/download-modal/android-badge.png">
                    </a>
                  </li>
                </ul>
                <div style="clear:both"></div>
              </div>
            </div>
          </div>
          <ul class="mileiq-feats lower">
            <li><div class="inner">Your data is never sold or shared</div></li>
            <li><div class="inner">All versions of our apps are ad-free</div></li>
            <li><div class="inner">Your drive history is secure & available</div></li>
          </ul>
          <div class="modal-banner">
            
            <div class="quote-text">
              “When I show MileIQ to my accounting clients, they sign up immediately. Fact.”
              <div class="quote-author">
                -Jody Jordan, CPA & MileIQ user
              </div>
            </div>
            
          </div>
         </div>
          <img src="/images/popups/download-modal/lower-banner.png" class="mob-banner">
</div>